For decades North Korea has been one of the world's most secretive societies. It is one of the few countries still under nominally communist rule. North Korea's nuclear ambitions have exacerbated its rigidly maintained isolation from the rest of the world. The country emerged in 1948 amid the chaos following the end of the Second World War. Its history is dominated by its Great Leader, Kim Il-sung, who shaped political affairs for almost half a century. Decades of this rigid state-controlled system have led to stagnation and a leadership dependent on the cult of personality. The totalitarian state also stands accused of systematic human rights abuses. The current leader of North Korea is Kim Jong-un, the grandson of Kim Il-sung. He succeeded his father Kim Jong-il in 2011. (Source: BBC)
2016.06.01 North Korea praises Trump for threatening to withdraw troops from South Korea. nytimes.com (See also South Korea) 2016.11.10 Trump pledges commitment to defending South Korea under existing security alliance reuters.com (See also South Korea) 2017.01.25 Trump is readying executive orders to stem refugees from ‘terror-prone’ regions and on the U.N. to halt funding for any organizations that give full membership to the Palestinian Authority, supports abortion programs or evades international sanctions against Iran or North Korea. washingtontimes.com (See also First 100 Days, Immigration, Syria, United Nations, Iran) 2017.02.03 U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis says any use of nuclear weapons by North Korea would be met with an "overwhelming" response. bbc.com (See also James Mattis) 2017.02.13 Nikki Haley responds to North Korean ballistic missile launch with a statement at the U.N.: "We call on all members of the Security Council to use every available resource to make it clear to the North Korean regime, and its enablers, that these launches are unacceptable." The phrase "enablers" refers to China and is seen as an unusually public criticism. cnn.com (See also Nikki Haley, United Nations) 2017.02.13 North Korea claims missile test success as China rejects US criticism theguardian.com (See also First 100 Days, China) 2017.02.13 The Pentagon has assessed that North Korea's weekend ballistic missile launch showed new capabilities. The launch involved the first land-based test of an intermediate-range missile that, in the past, has been fired from a submarine. It flew farther than any previous North Korean tests, about 300 miles before dropping into the Sea of Japan. cnn.com (See also United Nations) 2017.02.13 Trump was in the Mar-a-Lago Club terrace with the Japanese prime minister when news broke that North Korea had test-fired a ballistic missile and rather than move to a secure location he turns the dining room into open-air situation room. washingtonpost.com (See also Japan, First 100 Days) 2017.02.26 Informal talks scheduled for next week between a North Korean delegation and a team of former U.S. officials are canceled after the Trump administration withdraws its initial approval of the North Koreans' visas, two people who had planned to participate said. cnn.com 2017.03.09 Nikki Haley rebuffed a proposal from China that the U.S. “apply the brakes” to an escalating standoff with North Korea, saying “positive action” was required before it would engage with the “irresponsible” Kim Jong Un. washingtonpost.com (See also China, Nikki Haley) 2017.03.17 Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said pre-emptive military action was "on the table" if the threat from the North's weapons program reached a level requiring it. bbc.com (See also Rex Tillerson) 2017.04.03 Nikki Haley says Trump will pressure China to respond to ballistic missile launches by North Korea. reuters.com (See also China, Nikki Haley) 2017.04.03 Trump says, "If China is not going to solve North Korea, we will. That is all I am telling you." bbc.com 2017.04.18 The Trump administration makes misleading statements about an 'armada' heading to North Korea. washingtonpost.com (See also Assaults on Facts, First 100 Days, Foreign Policy)
In an opinion piece for The New York Times entitled Trump and North Korea: A Looming Foreign Policy Crisis, Joel S. Wit (Senior Fellow at the US-Korea Institue, Johns Hopkins SAIS, and founder of 38North) writes:
The reality of the past eight years is that North Korea has methodically plotted and implemented a strategy of building missiles and warheads using the political shield of China, a country unwilling to impose crippling sanctions sought by the United States. The United States, on the other hand, was either too busy paying attention to other international problems or too misinformed to realize that China was not going to carry Washington’s water. As a result, the North Korean W.M.D. cancer was essentially left to metastasize. We have now reached another critical moment.
We may be on the cusp of the Trump administration’s first major foreign policy crisis, with last Sunday’s missile test only the first in a series of missile and nuclear weapons tests. Unless Washington quickly formulates a strategy for dealing with Pyongyang — that includes not only sanctions and protecting our allies but diplomatic outreach to the North — it is going to be a rough ride.