At its core, net neutrality determines whether Internet Service Providers (the companies that own the cables all internet traffic runs on) can charge more for certain kinds of traffic or not. For example, AT&T or Comcast might charge Netflix (or its consumers) more for Netflix traffic than they charge Wikimedia (or its consumers) for Wikipedia traffic —a site streaming video requires more bandwidth than a text-based site.
ISPs want to charge different rates for different types of content. This would allow them more profits that they might choose to invest in infrastructure improvements. The technology sector depends on predictably inexpensive internet traffic in order to innovate and disrupt. And the technology sector would argue that if the ISPs can determine price, then they could have blocked a service Netflix in the very beginning and hence never had to face the competition from Netflix.
Currently ISPs are not allowed to charge different rates for different types of content. This is something Obama has fought for. Trump on the other hand does not like Net Neutrality (Recode).
From perspective of a society what should concern all of us is what we value. On one hand you could, as the technology sector would encourage you to, look at internet as infrastructure such as roads, electricity, and water, and hence consider AT&T, Comcast, and others as semi-public goods that should be open to all to innovate on. On the other hand, the ISPs would ask you to consider that they are indeed private companies and not public sector and should be able to make money on their investments and only if they can charge differently are they incentivized to expand their services. See more about the history of net neutrality here. (Whitehouse.gov)
|2016.12.12||Net neutrality faces extinction under Trump recode.net |
The Senate failed to reconfirm one of net neutrality’s top advocates at the FCC.
|2016.12.23||The Freedom Caucus releases it's wish list of 228 regulations conservatives want Trump to roll back, including revoking Obama's legacy in climate change, net neutrality, and workers' rights theguardian.com (See also First 100 Days, Climate Change)|
|2017.01.05||FTC and FCC leaders warn that consumers and innovators would be harmed by rolling back Open Internet Order. recode.net|
|2017.01.13||Outgoing FCC chief Tom Wheeler offers final defense of net neutrality. theverge.com|
|2017.01.20||Trump said to elevate Ajit Pai to FCC chairman. politico.com |
Pai's office declined to comment, and the Trump transition team did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
|2017.01.22||President Trump designates Ajit Pai as Chairman of FCC forbes.com (See also First 100 Days)|
|2017.11.21||The Federal Communications Commission announced on Tuesday that it planned to dismantle landmark regulations that ensure equal access to the internet, clearing the way for companies to charge more and block access to some websites. nytimes.com (See also Assaults on Civil Liberties, Censorship)|
|2017.11.23||NY Attorney General Schneiderman estimated that hundreds of thousands of Americans’ identities were stolen and used in spam campaigns that support repealing net neutrality, while a new analysis reveals that at least 1.3 million comments supporting the new FCC position on net neutrality were fake. hackernoon.com (See also Legal Issues, Assaults on Civil Liberties, Unprecedented Actions)|
|2017.12.14||FCC commissioners employed dubious information and curious logic before voting to repeal net neutrality rules. wired.com (See also Assaults on Facts, Assaults on Civil Liberties)|
Here are the six most misleading claims.
|2017.12.14||The Federal Communications Commission voted to dismantle Net Neutrality: landmark rules regulating the businesses that connect consumers to the internet, scrapping regulations that prohibited broadband providers from blocking websites or charging for high-quality service or content, reversing the agency's 2015 decision. nytimes.com (See also Assaults on Civil Liberties, Domestic Policy, Reversals)|
|2018.01.22||Through an executive order, Montana Governor Steve Bullock declared that any internet service provider with a state government contract cannot block or charge more for faster delivery of websites, two core aspects of net neutrality, to any customer in the state. nytimes.com (See also Reversals)|
|2018.05.16||The Senate voted to pass a measure that would repeal changes to net neutrality rules that were recently adopted by the Republican-controlled Federal Communications Commission. cnn.com (See also Reversals)|
|2018.06.05||As it wrestled with accusations about a fake cyberattack last spring, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) purposely misled several news organizations, choosing to feed journalists false information, while at the same time discouraging them from challenging the agency’s official story. gizmodo.com (See also False Statements, Assaults on Civil Liberties)|
|2018.08.07||The Federal Communications Commission is changing its tune on that website “hack” that took place in May 2017, based on a statement released by Chairman Ajit Pai, there never was any hack in the first place. futurism.com (See also Reversals)|
|2018.10.16||The New York Attorney General’s office has subpoenaed 14 organizations in its ongoing fraud investigation into who misused millions of people’s names and identifying information to file fake comments on the FCC’s proposal to kill the rules protecting net neutrality. buzzfeednews.com (See also Legal Activity)|
|2018.12.08||The Justice Department is investigating whether crimes were committed when potentially millions of people’s identities were posted to the FCC’s website without their permission, falsely attributing to them opinions about net neutrality rules. buzzfeednews.com (See also Cybersecurity, Department of Justice)|
People's names and addresses were listed on the FCC's website beside net neutrality comments they didn't make. Now the FBI is interested.