Keystone XL Pipeline

The Keystone Pipeline XL is a TransCanada project that would run 1179 miles from tar sands in Alberta, Canada to Steele City, Nebraska. The U.S. segment would run 875 miles through Montana, South Dakota, and Nebraska. Former Secretary of State John Kerry denied TransCanada a presidential permit in November 2015 due to environmental concerns about the impact of the pipeline on local resources, water supplies, and cultural heritage sites. On Jan. 24, 2017, Trump signed an executive order inviting TransCanada to submit their application again and directing the State Department to rule on the application within 60 days of submission.



Opponents to the Keystone XL pipeline believe it worsens global warming and will result in hazardous oil spills while supporters say it will create jobs and lessen U.S. dependence on Middle Eastern oil. While there would be a few thousand jobs created during construction these jobs would be temporary and limited to the span of the project, at most two years. Only 50 jobs would be generated long term to operate the project. Refining the Canadian bitumen from tar sands into usable fuels produces between 70 percent and 110 percent more greenhouse emissions than average transportation fuel. An average of 4.1 million gallons of petroleum and other hazardous materials spilled each year between 2004 and 2014. (

Further research