Prior to 1880, abortion was widely practiced in the United States. Anti-abortion legislation grew out of the backlash against the growing movements for suffrage and access to birth control, both of which would give women autonomy over their reproductive health and break their traditional role of childbearing.
The laws prohibiting abortion took a heavy toll on women’s lives, disproportionately impacting poor women and women of color because access to a safe abortion often depended upon a woman’s economic situation, her race, and where in the country she lived. Thousands of women were treated annually for health complications due to botched abortions.
In the 1960s the women’s liberation movement made reproductive rights a priority. Between 1967 and 1973 a number of states reformed or repealed their abortion laws. In 1973 the Supreme Court struck down all existing criminal abortion laws in the landmark Roe v. Wade case, saying that the right to privacy protected a woman’s decision to terminate a pregnancy in the first trimester, and that if her life or health were endangered she could not be forced to continue the pregnancy at any stage.
Since then women’s rights to abortion have been under sustained attack, with states enacting over 1074 abortions restrictions, and judgements requiring parental consent, limiting access to women on Medicaid, banning federal funding for abortion care, mandatory waiting periods.
In 2015 alone nearly 400 bills were introduced and 57 passed, including a whole new tactic of targeted regulation of abortion providers, so called TRAP regulations. These TRAP regulations mandate burdensome and medically unnecessary requirements far more stringent than requirements for similar medical procedures.
This page will track Trump’s statements and actions regarding abortion.
Source: Our Bodies, Ourselves.
2016.04.03 Trump takes 5 different positions on abortion in 3 days. washingtonpost.com (See also 2016 Campaign) 2016.07.28 Pence promises that Trump will overturn Roe V. Wade if elected. oregonlive.com (See also Mike Pence) 2016.11.15 Trump says same-sex marriage is 'settled,' but intends to appoint Supreme Court justices who wish to reverse Roe v. Wade. cnn.com (See also LGBTQIA, Presidential Transition) 2017.01.23 First 100 days: What executive actions has Trump taken? bbc.com (See also First 100 Days, Keystone XL Pipeline, Dakota Access Pipeline, Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule), Trans-Pacific Partnership, Native Americans) 2017.01.23 Trump reinstates The Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule) blocks funding to international family-planning organizations unless they agree not to promote abortion. theatlantic.com (See also First 100 Days, Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule)) 2017.01.23 Trump reinstates the Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule) prohibiting US funds promoting abortion overseas thehill.com (See also First 100 Days, Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule)) 2017.01.23 Trump revives Reagan-era ban on use of foreign aid for abortion counseling. nytimes.com (See also Health Care) 2017.01.23 Trump signs an executive order reinstating The Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule) banning federal money going to international groups which perform or provide information on abortions. bbc.com (See also First 100 Days, Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule)) 2017.01.25 The Dutch government plans to 'counters' Trump's reinstitution of the Mexico City Policy with an international abortion fund. sbs.com.au (See also Mexico City Policy (aka Global Gag Rule)) 2017.01.26 Longtime anti-abortion leader Pence will be first U.S. Vice President to speak at anti-abortion "March for Life." washingtonpost.com (See also Mike Pence, Women, Health Care) 2017.01.27 Pence addresses "March for Life" anti-abortion rally on the National Mall and pledges Trump administration's support in advancing their policies. wsj.com (See also First 100 Days, Mike Pence, Women, Health Care) 2017.02.21 A new report confirms what reproductive-justice advocates have been saying for a long time: Abortion is already all but inaccessible for poor Americans. nymag.com 2017.03.06 Trump to Planned Parenthood: You can have federal funds if you stop abortions sandiegouniontribune.com (See also First 100 Days, Women, Planned Parenthood) Characteristics of U.S. Abortion Patients in 2014 and Changes Since 2008 guttmacher.org